Articles avec le tag ‘Harpsichord’

postheadericon CLERAMBAULT Nicolas (1676-1749)

Classical music score - Sheet music - Clérambault - First organ book - OrganCLERAMBAULT Nicolas (1676-1749)

Clérambault was born in Paris, in 1676.

He studied with André Raison and Jean-Baptiste Moreau.

Aged 13 years, Clérambault wrote a “motet à grand choeur”.

1715 : names at Saint-Sulpice and Saint-Cyr.

He died 1749 in Paris and was buried at Saint-Sulpice.

- First book of harpsichord pieces. Paris, 1704. (Ref. 3287)

C major : Prélude - Allemande and double - Courante - First Sarabande - Second sarabande - Gavotte and double - Gigue - First Menuet - Second menuet.

C minor : Allemande - Gigue - Prélude - Courante - Sarabande.

The preludes are unmeasured. The « courantes » are in the french style (slow). The “sarabandes” are slow.

Classical music score - Sheet music - Clérambault - First book of harpsichord pieces - Harpsichord

Presentation - P. Lescat : chronology of the unmeasured prelude. J. Saint-Arroman : Clérambault’s ornamentation.

- French Cantatas for I and II voices. Book I. Paris, 1710. (Ref. 2083)

L’amour piqué par une abeille : a bee stings Amour, and Venus heals him.

Le jaloux : Iris’lover beseeches the Spring to send his rival far away to war.

Orphée : he descends into the underworld to find back his spouse.

Polyphème : he is in love with Galatea, who in turn loves Acis.

Medée : the arias of this cantata express Medea’s reactions of jealousy.

L’amour et Bacchus : this cantata expresses hope for the meeting of Amour and Bacchus.

Classical music score - Sheet music - Clérambault - French Cantatas for I and II voices. Book I - Voice Violin Flute
Extract of « Orphée »

Presentation - P. Lescat : catalogue of Clérambault’s works. J. Saint-Arroman : remarks on mythology.

- Cantates françoises mellées de simphonies. Livre IIème. Paris, 1713.

Alphée et Aréthuse : the hunter, Alpheus, followed Arethuse to Sicily. Diane changed Arethuse into a fountain, and Alpheus changed himself into a river.

Léandre et Héo : each night, Leander went to meet Hero by swimming. Leander drowned in the strait’s swirls and Hero threw herself into the waves.

La musette : a pastoral in the style of a “roman précieux”.

Pyrame et Thisbé : Pyramus thought Thisbé was dead and stabbed himself with a sword. Thisbé killed herself to be with him after death.

Pygmalion : Pygmalion made such a beautiful statue of Galatea that he fell in love with his work.

Le triomphe de la paix : this cantata reflects the anxiety of the French in 1713, to see the conclusion of the peace.

Presentation - P. Lescat : biography of Clérambault. J. Saint-Arroman : remarks on mythology.

First organ book. Paris, c.1714. (Ref. 2662)

Suite du premier ton : grand plein jeu - fugue - duo - trio – basse et dessus de trompette - récits de cromorne et de cornet - dialogue sur les grands jeux.

Suite du deuxième ton : plein jeu - duo - trio - basse de cromorne - flûtes - récit de nazard - caprices sur les grands jeux.

The two suites by Clérambault each contain seven pieces, exactly the number required for the organ sections of the Magnificat.

Classical music score - Sheet music - Clérambault - First organ book - Organ

Presentation - P. Lescat : Clérambault’s organs. J. Saint-Arroman : usage, notation, terminology, ornamentation.

- Cantates françoises mêlées de symphonies. Livre IIIème. Paris, 1716. (Ref. 2768)

Apollon : it is a hymn to the peace awaited at the close of the reign of Louis XIV. He was often thus represented in the guise of Apollo.

Zephire et Flore : Flora bewails the infidelity of Zephyrus. Zephyrus, listening to her while concealed behind a hedge, falls at the feet of Flora.

L’isle de Délos : In praise of the island of Delos where all is wonderful.

La mort d’Hercule : Nessus, mortally wounded, took his bloodstained tunic and gave it to Deianira. She gave to Hercules the fatal tunic. No sooner had he donned it than the venom in which it had drenched entered him in fury. He built a pire and waited upon him, ordering to set it alight.

Classical music score - Sheet music - Clérambault - Cantates françaises mêlées de symphonies Livre III - Flute Viol Violin Voice
Extract of « Apollon »

Presentation - J. Saint-Arroman and P. Lescat : remarks on mythology.

- Motets à une et deux voix. Paris, 1733. (Ref. 5620)

Hodie - Domine ante te - Ecce Deus - Domine rzfugium - Ante thronum - Domine salvum.

These very beautiful motets are one of the best works of the french music of the XVIIIth century.

Classical music score - Clérambault - Motets à une et deux voix - Voice Choir

Presentation - P. Lescat : the duties of Clérambault at Saint-Cyr. J. Saint-Arroman : notation, terminology, ornamentation.

postheadericon BALBASTRE Claude (1727-1799)

Classical music scores - Sheet music - Balbastre - Recueil de Noël formant quatre suites avec des variations pour le clavecin et le forte piano - Harpsichord Piano OrganBALBASTRE Claude (1727-1799)

Claude Balbastre was born in Dijon and did advanced work in Paris with Jean-Philippe Rameau and Pierre Février.

He was engaged as organist of the Concert Spirituel (1755), Saint-Roch (1756) and Notre-Dame-de-Paris (1760). He became quickly known for his improvisations.

During the French Revolution, he was in charge of the preservation of the organs of Paris (1795).

- Recueil de Noëls formant quatre suites avec des variations pour le clavecin et le forte piano. Paris, (s.d. = 1770). (Réf. 1274)

In France, instrumental noels were played during the Advent and, of course, at the Midnight Mass and the masses of Christmas Day. These noels might also be played at the Concert Spirituel on Christmas Eve or Christmas Day. At the end of the eighteen century, organists were abandoning the most popular tunes and looking for less well-known noels from abroad.

Organists would do well to have some verses of a Noël sung before playing the variations. This would add considerably to their impact. See :

- Chants de Noëls anciens et nouveaux de la grande bible. Notez avec des basses. Paris, 1703. (Réf. 5425)

« A la venue de Noël » :

 Classical music scores - Sheet music - Ballard - Chants des noëls anciens et modernes - Voices

 

Classical music scores - Sheet music - Ballard - Chants des noëls anciens et modernes - Voices

- First book of harpsichord pieces. Paris, 1759. (Réf. 50149)

“Facsimusic” collection.

Dedication : « AMadame de Caze, trésorière générale des Postes, et relais de France et fermière générale ». « Chez l’Auteur, Place Vendome chez M de Caze Fermier général ».

Suzanne Félix Lescarmotier married Anne Robert de Caze in 1747 ; the latter was notorious for extravagant spending in order to enlarge his collections of manuscripts, rare books and tulips. His portrait is also to be found in Duphly’s 2nd book of Harpsichord Pieces (1748).

Classical music scores - Sheet music - Balbastre - First book of harpsichord pieces - Harpsichord

postheadericon JACQUET DE LA GUERRE Elisabeth (1665-1729)

Classical music scores - Sheet music - Jacquet de la Guerre - Four sonates en trio - Violin - ContinuoJACQUET DE LA GUERRE Elisabeth (1665-1729)

1665 : Baptism of Elisabeth Jacquet de la Guerre.

1670 : she plays before Louis XIV who encourages her to cultivate the wonderful talent which nature had given her.

23th of September 1687 : marriage to the organist of Saint-Séverin, Marin de la Guerre.

1694 : performance of “Céphale et Procris” at the Opéra.

She moves to the Île Saint-Louis in 1704.

She died in Paris in 1729. She possessed three harpsichords.

- Sonatas for violin and harpsichord. Paris, 1707. (Réf. 5633)

« The Connoisseurs find in them tenderness, great fire, beautiful harmony and natural writing » (Journal des sçavants).

Introduction by Catherine Cessac, specialist of Elisabeth Jacquet de la Guerre.

Classical music scores - Sheet music - Jacquet de la Guerre Elisabeth - Sonatas for violin and harpsichord - Violin Continuo

- Harpsichord pieces – Book I. Paris, 1687. (Réf. 5396)

The introduction by Jean Saint-Arroman analyse the ornamentation in the work of Elisabeth Jacquet de la Guerre : « tremblement, pincé, doublé, coulés et ports-de-voix, ports-de-voix et coulés doubles, tierce coulée, coulé par intervalle, chute, accents ».

Classical music scores - Sheet music - Jacquet de la Guerre Elisabeth - Harpsichord pieces - Book I - Harpsichord

- Harpsichord pieces which may be played on the violin. Paris, 1707. (Réf. 5769)

These pieces would constitute the first known example of harpsichord music with accompaniement, a genre destined for a brilliant future throughout the XVIIIth century.

Introduction by Catherine Cessac, specialist of Elisabeth Jacquet de la Guerre.

- Four sonates en trio. Paris, ca 1695. (Réf. 5915)

Sébastien de Brossard : “ Scores of four manuscripts sonatas for 2 violins, a bass viol or violin or bassoon sometimes necessary and a continuo bass, composed by the famous Mlle Jacquet who since her marriage to one of the most famous organists of Paris is known as Mlle de Laguerre. She was so gracious as to lend me the originals in the year 1695 in order to have them copied. They are delightlul (…)”.

Introduction by Catherine Cessac, specialist of Elisabeth Jacquet de la Guerre.

- Cantates françaises sur des sujets tirés de l’écriture. Livre I. Paris, 1708. (Réf. 5391)

Esther - The crossing of the red sea - Jacob and Rachel - Jonah - Susanna and the elders - Judith.

- Cantates françaises sur des sujets tirés de l’écriture. Livre II. Paris, 1711. (Réf. 5392)

Adam - The temple rebuilt - The deluge - Jodeph - Jephthah - Samson.

- French Cantatas – Book III. Paris, ca 1715. (Réf. 5632)

Semelé – L’Ile de Delos – Le sommeil d’Ulisse – La raccommodement comique.

Introduction by Philippe Lescat : catalogue of the works of Elisabeth Jacquet de la Guerre.

Introduction by Jean Saint-Arroman : performance of the recitatives.

Classical music scores - Sheet music - Jacquet de la Guerre Elisabeth - French Cantatas - Book III - Voices violin flute oboe